Android activity launchMode
The default mode is "standard".
The modes fall into two groups. standard and singleTop comes in one side and singleTask and singleInstance comes in another side.
The main difference between standard and singleTop is in standard, every time a new intent for standard activity, a new instance is created. In case of singleTop too, a new instance is created but an instance of the activity is already in top of the stack, it wont create a new instance.
Actually, the issue comes , when we download an application from a server and launch it and open it from there itself. After launching the application, press home button. Then click the all programs and select the icon of the application from home screen. Then another activity will be created in the case of standard, but in singleTop , no new instance will be created.
The "singleTask" and "singleInstance" modes also differ from each other in only one respect: A "singleTask" activity allows other activities to be part of its task. It's at the root of the activity stack, but other activities (necessarily "standard" and "singleTop" activities) can be launched into the same task. A "singleInstance" activity, on the other hand, permits no other activities to be part of its task. It's the only activity in the task. If it starts another activity, that activity is assigned to a different task — as if FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK was in the intent.